The Moffat Ram Moffat Town :- Thomas Telford, Engineer
Return to :- [Moffat Homepage] [Moffat Server Index]
[Description] [Where We Are] [History] [People]
[Attractions] [Events] [Where To Stay] [Where To Eat]
[Moffat Business Index] [Amenities of Moffat]

They Were Here :
William Wallace * Robert Bruce * Archibald Johnstone * Lord Claverhouse * James Boswell
J.L. McAdam * Thomas Telford * Robert Burns * James Hogg * Charles Lapworth
D.E. Stevenson * Air Chief Marshal Lord Hugh Dowding * Robin Jenkins * Mora Dickson

Thomas Telford

Thomas Telford, Road Engineer (1757-1834) :

Also go to the Thomas Telford - Civil Engineer website.

Telford was born near Moffat, in the Parish of Westerkirk on the banks of the Esk a few miles above Langholm, son of a herdsman at Glendinning Farm. After school, he became a mason and then a surveyor, before entering his life's work as what is now termed a civil engineer. His long and distinguished career took the achievements of men such as his contemporary John Loudon MacAdam and Blind Jock (Jack Metcalfe) of Knaresborough (1717-1810) to an impressive conclusion, only surpassed in the late 1800s by such men as Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

Telford's most famous works are far from Moffat. The Suspension Bridge across the Menai Straits to Anglesey is a world famous structure that still carries heavy traffic. It is one part of the remarkable London to Holyhead road for the mail coaches to Ireland, which managed to bridge the Conwy River at Conway Castle, then ran on a road blasted out of Penmaenmawr sea-cliffs to the Suspension Bridge near Bangor. Telford contributed to the harbour works at Holyhead, although these are massively expanded on what he knew.

He also engineered a number of canals and individual bridges; the River Dean at Edinburgh and the Clyde at Broomielaw were first bridged by him.

Dumfries and Galloway's 1750s Military Road from Dumfries to Portpatrick was in its way as interesting a task as the Holyhead route. It was superseded in the 1790s by a road more suitable for wheeled traffic on a line surveyed by Telford. Telford designed the Tongland bridge, still in use and crossing the deep and dangerous gorge of the River Dee near Kirkcudbright. He also designed the harbour works at Port Logan on the Mull of Galloway, - the only natural harbour on the west side of the Mull. Unfortunately for Telford, his Port Logan venture was too far away from Portpatrick and Stranraer to succeed. He also engineered the Caledonian Canal between Fort William and Inverness. He was called to Sweden by King Gustav and was knighted by him for designing and engineering the Gotha Canal from Lake Malaren (Stockholm) to the lakes of Vaner and Vettir in central Sweden.

Telford's contemporary, John Loudun McAdam, had evolved the broken stone surface that bears his name, but Telford did not wholly agree with McAdam's methods. Telford laid his roads with a base of large stones of cobblestone size, overlaid with 7 inches (180 mm) of broken stone, and a final 3 inches (77 mm) of finer stone. Telford used this on his road from Carlisle to Glasgow, now superseded by the A74 and M74/M8, as well as the London to Holyhead road. McAdam, preferred up to 10 inches of graded broken stone on bare soil. It is hard to say which would have given the more labour to the men who carried out the work, although Telford's was probably the more expensive solution and may have needed more maintenance. As against that, modern roadbeds of concrete owe more to Telford than McAdam, although their surfacing is of broken stone mixed in a suspension of asphalt, referred to as being tarmac (tarmacadam). Telford wanted a rigid base laid in a trench, whilst McAdam saw gravel laid on the surface as being both more load-bearing and resilient. Those held up in motorway contraflows by relaying of damaged surfaces, may well wonder whether McAdam had a point, although the rapid acceleration of car and lorry driving wheels in the early 1900s tore McAdam's unconsolidated gravel surfaces apart.

Because of the respect in which he was held, Thomas Telford was given burial in Westminster Abbey. He is the only son of Moffat other than Air Chief Marshal Lord Hugh Dowding, to have achieved that eminence.

A Telford Trail and pamphlet is under development for the year 2000 tourist season. For more information, go to the Thomas Telford - Civil Engineer website. This includes detailed histories of roads around Moffat from before Telford and after him. Travellers may gain further information on Telford by visiting the Brig Inn and Telford Restaurant at Beattock. The Inn bar has a good display on Telford.


[Moffat Town Index] [Top]
Hosted on : [Moffat Server]

All text and images © 1999 Richard Edkins of Dalbeattie Internet.
Moffat Town Website started 9th June 1999.
Last updated 12th December 1999.

buy cheap effexor xr in south australia

buy cheap effexor xr in south australia

cheapest generic effexor xr delaware

cheapest generic effexor xr delaware

buy cheap effexor xr in france

buy cheap effexor xr in france

buy cheap effexor xr in hong kong

buy cheap effexor xr in hong kong

generic effexor xr pills alaska

generic effexor xr pills alaska

buy low cost effexor xr boston

buy low cost effexor xr boston

buy cheap effexor xr in ca

buy cheap effexor xr in ca

buy low cost effexor xr oregon

buy low cost effexor xr oregon

cheapest generic effexor xr pennsylvania

cheapest generic effexor xr pennsylvania

buy effexor xr without a prescription in vancouver

buy effexor xr without a prescription in vancouver

buy cheap effexor xr in montgomery

buy cheap effexor xr in montgomery

buy low cost effexor xr new jersey

buy low cost effexor xr new jersey

buy low cost effexor xr manchester

buy low cost effexor xr manchester

no prescription effexor xr alabama

no prescription effexor xr alabama

cheapest generic effexor xr missouri

cheapest generic effexor xr missouri

buy effexor xr without a prescription in sacramento

buy effexor xr without a prescription in sacramento

order effexor xr in vaughan

order effexor xr in vaughan

buy effexor xr without a prescription in indianapolis

buy effexor xr without a prescription in indianapolis

buy effexor xr in gatineau

buy effexor xr in gatineau

buy low cost effexor xr alabama

buy low cost effexor xr alabama

buy effexor xr without a prescription in edinburgh

buy effexor xr without a prescription in edinburgh

order effexor xr in northern ireland

order effexor xr in northern ireland

buy low cost effexor xr juneau

buy low cost effexor xr juneau

buy cheap effexor xr in hartford

buy cheap effexor xr in hartford

buy effexor xr without a prescription in idaho

buy effexor xr without a prescription in idaho

generic effexor xr pills new zealand

generic effexor xr pills new zealand

purchase effexor xr in rhode island

purchase effexor xr in rhode island

buy effexor xr without a prescription in montana

buy effexor xr without a prescription in montana

cheapest generic effexor xr iceland

cheapest generic effexor xr iceland

buy effexor xr without a prescription in austin

buy effexor xr without a prescription in austin

cheapest generic effexor xr colorado

cheapest generic effexor xr colorado

no prescription effexor xr yukon

no prescription effexor xr yukon

purchase effexor xr in switzerland

purchase effexor xr in switzerland

buy low cost effexor xr ottawa

buy low cost effexor xr ottawa

buy cheap effexor xr in saint paul

buy cheap effexor xr in saint paul

cheapest generic effexor xr australia

cheapest generic effexor xr australia

buy effexor xr without a prescription in yukon

buy effexor xr without a prescription in yukon

order effexor xr in uae

order effexor xr in uae

buy cheap effexor xr in nanaimo

buy cheap effexor xr in nanaimo

generic effexor xr pills raleigh

generic effexor xr pills raleigh

purchase effexor xr in denmark

purchase effexor xr in denmark

no prescription effexor xr trois rivieres

no prescription effexor xr trois rivieres

order effexor xr in manchester

order effexor xr in manchester

buy low cost effexor xr tennessee

buy low cost effexor xr tennessee

purchase effexor xr in toronto

purchase effexor xr in toronto

buy cheap effexor xr in raleigh

buy cheap effexor xr in raleigh

buy cheap effexor xr in mississippi

buy cheap effexor xr in mississippi

generic effexor xr pills nanaimo

generic effexor xr pills nanaimo

purchase effexor xr in hong kong

purchase effexor xr in hong kong

buy cheap effexor xr pills in vic

buy cheap effexor xr pills in vic

buy cheap effexor xr in kansas

buy cheap effexor xr in kansas

buy cheap effexor xr in juneau

buy cheap effexor xr in juneau

purchase effexor xr in carson city

purchase effexor xr in carson city

generic effexor xr pills helena

generic effexor xr pills helena

cheapest generic effexor xr qld

cheapest generic effexor xr qld

buy cheap effexor xr in north carolina

buy cheap effexor xr in north carolina

buy cheap effexor xr in michigan

buy cheap effexor xr in michigan

cheapest generic effexor xr vernon

cheapest generic effexor xr vernon

purchase effexor xr in trenton

purchase effexor xr in trenton

buy cheap effexor xr pills in adelaide

buy cheap effexor xr pills in adelaide

purchase effexor xr in abbotsford

purchase effexor xr in abbotsford

cheapest generic effexor xr united arab emirates

cheapest generic effexor xr united arab emirates

buy effexor xr in olympia

buy effexor xr in olympia

cheapest generic effexor xr lethbridge

cheapest generic effexor xr lethbridge

purchase effexor xr in iceland

purchase effexor xr in iceland

buy cheap effexor xr in latvia

buy cheap effexor xr in latvia

generic effexor xr pills pennsylvania

generic effexor xr pills pennsylvania

buy effexor xr in czech republic

buy effexor xr in czech republic

buy low cost effexor xr ohio

buy low cost effexor xr ohio

buy cheap effexor xr in birmingham

buy cheap effexor xr in birmingham

cheapest generic effexor xr latvia

cheapest generic effexor xr latvia

buy effexor xr in america

buy effexor xr in america

buy low cost effexor xr wales

buy low cost effexor xr wales

venlafaxine pills

venlafaxine pills

buy cheap effexor xr in newfoundland

buy cheap effexor xr in newfoundland

buy effexor xr without a prescription in augusta

buy effexor xr without a prescription in augusta

generic effexor xr pills mississippi

generic effexor xr pills mississippi

buy effexor xr in kansas

buy effexor xr in kansas

cheapest generic effexor xr nevada

cheapest generic effexor xr nevada

purchase effexor xr in queensland

purchase effexor xr in queensland

no prescription effexor xr lethbridge

no prescription effexor xr lethbridge

buy venlafaxine order online

buy venlafaxine order online

buy low cost effexor xr british columbia

buy low cost effexor xr british columbia

cheapest generic effexor xr qld

cheapest generic effexor xr qld

buy effexor xr without a prescription in utah

buy effexor xr without a prescription in utah

buy low cost effexor xr windsor

buy low cost effexor xr windsor

buy cheap effexor xr in charleston

buy cheap effexor xr in charleston

purchase effexor xr in jackson

purchase effexor xr in jackson

cheapest generic effexor xr america

cheapest generic effexor xr america

free effexor online

free effexor online

buy effexor xr in nevada

buy effexor xr in nevada